Think Bayes is a rare book that isn’t specifically about Python or a Python library but still contains excellent, well organized python code (disclaimer). Think Bayes covers using Bayesian Statistics to calculate probabilities and better understand real problems drawing from a range of real data sets. I definitely recommend that any scientist (and especially any data scientist) read this book, it’s available for free here.
Last May when I had a week between graduation and starting work I spent some time creating a LaTeX version of my resume. I couldn’t find a template that suited my needs right out of the box, but I found a two column layout that came close. I had to make a fair bit of changes to template to be happy with the result, including more customization options for the personal info box and adding the option to put bulleted lists under each job. The the underlying LaTeX template and example document are up on github, so you can clone the project and fill in your own details.
You can also edit the LaTeX directly at writelatex.com, a great website that provides online LaTeX editing and compilation. Here’s a link to the template as an interactive example.